March 2009

Echocardiography-Guided Interventions

Echocardiography-Guided Interventions

In this document, we address the use of echocardiography in commonly performed procedures: transatrial septal catheterization, pericardiocentesis, myocardial biopsy, percutaneous transvenous balloon valvuloplasty, catheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) and patent foramen ovale (PFO), alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and cardiac electrophysiology. A concluding section addresses interventions that are presently investigational but are likely to enter the realm of practice in the very near future: complex mitral valve repairs, left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion devices, 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic guidance, and percutaneous aortic valve replacement. The use of echocardiography to select and guide cardiac resynchronization therapy has recently been addressed in a separate document published by the American Society of Echocardiography and is not further discussed in this document. The use of imaging techniques to guide even well-established procedures enhances the efficiency and safety of these procedures


  • Kerber, Richard E.
  • Silvestry, Frank E.


  • Brook, Michael M.
  • Carroll, John D.
  • Eberman, Karen M.
  • Goldstein, Steven A.
  • Herrmann, Howard C.
  • Homma, Shunichi
  • Kerber, Richard E.
  • Mehran, Roxana
  • Packer, Douglas L.
  • Parisi, Alfred F.
  • Pulerwitz, Todd
  • Seward, James Bernard
  • Silvestry, Frank E.
  • Tsang, Teresa S. M.
  • Wood, Mark A.

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