January 2012

EAE/ASE Recommendations for Image Acquisition and Display Using Three-Dimensional Echocardiography

EAE/ASE Recommendations for Image Acquisition and Display Using Three-Dimensional Echocardiography

Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic (3DE) imaging represents a major innovation in cardiovascular ultrasound. Advancements in computer and transducer technologies permit real-time 3DE acquisition and presentation of cardiac structures from any spatial point of view. The usefulness of 3D echocardiography has been demonstrated in (1) the evaluation of cardiac chamber volumes and mass, which avoids geometric assumptions; (2) the assessment of regional left ventricular (LV) wall motion and quantification of systolic dyssynchrony; (3) presentation of realistic views of heart valves; (4) volumetric evaluation of regurgitant lesions and shunts with 3DE color Doppler imaging; and (5) 3DE stress imaging. However, for 3D echocardiography to be implemented in routine clinical practice, a full understanding of its technical principles and a systematic approach to image acquisition and analysis are required. The main goal of this document is to provide a practical guide on how to acquire, analyze, and display the various cardiac structures using 3D echocardiography, as well as limitations of the technique. In addition, this document describes the current and potential clinical applications of 3D echocardiography along with their strengths and weaknesses.


  • Lang, Roberto M.


  • Adams, David H.
  • Agricola, Eustachio
  • Badano, Luigi P.
  • Buck, Thomas
  • Faletra, Francesco F.
  • Franke, Andreas
  • Hung, Judy W.
  • Kamp, Otto
  • Kasprzak, Jaroslaw D.
  • Lancellotti, Patrizio
  • Lang, Roberto M.
  • Marwick, Thomas H.
  • McCulloch, Marti L.
  • Monaghan, Mark J.
  • Nihoyannopoulos, Petros
  • Pandian, Natesa G.
  • Pellikka, Patricia A.
  • Pepi, Mauro
  • Perez de Isla, Leopoldo
  • Roberson, David A.
  • Shernan, Stanton K.
  • Shirali, Girish S.
  • Sugeng, Lissa
  • Ten Cate, Folkert J.
  • Tsang, Wendy
  • Vannan, Mani A.
  • Zamorano, Jose Luis
  • Zoghbi, William A.

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